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Concept

Doctoral School

The Context

The central question that arises in the training that our universities and institutes have been able to give to Africans since independence is this: have we succeeded in training an elite with theoretical and practical instruments adapted to its environment, an elite capable of solving the specific problems of today's African societies? There is no room for doubt. Looking closely at the results of these trainings, we are often dismayed by the illiteracy of our graduates on the issues of their own environment. But how can one solve the problems of one's own environment, if neither at school, high school or university one has not been confronted in a theoretical and practical way with the questions that concern you and your society? Our graduates, who are well trained locally or in the West, have a perfect command of the theoretical approach to the question of their specialisation and can attract attention all over the world. However, the pedagogical tools they have used throughout their training rarely take into account African realities and are even less inspired by the theories of African thinkers. The tragedy of this elite trained with foreign tools, often unsuited to their African world, is that they become leaders in their own countries and are called upon to resolve the urgent issues of their societies. How should one be able to adequately solve problems that one has never been confronted with in a theoretical or practical way throughout one's own training? We have trained graduates who are highly intelligent and technical, but who lack a theoretical approach that is well connected to African realities and issues.

Parallel to this deficit, our graduates from universities in Central Africa know how to use their pen, but know almost nothing about practical realities, including in their own specialisation. There is a huge gap between their theoretical training and their practical experience in the field. Their training very rarely provides for a practical confrontation throughout their university career. Thus, even the best of our graduates struggle to sharpen their weapons once they are on the field after training. This mismatch between training and African realities is one after the training. This mismatch between training and African realities is a major source of destabilisation and regression of African countries after independence because this elite does not have adequate means to prevent challenges in the management of the countries entrusted to them. The compartmentalisation of specialities often imported from foreign universities which are immersed in other realities and are called upon to solve other types of problems, makes our graduates incapable of rapid change and adaptation in an environment of very complex problems. When we think of leadership training or university training in Africa in the 21st century, there are numbers that must constantly challenge us.

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The AfricAvenir International Foundation is an International Non-Governmental Non-Profit Organization based in Douala, Cameroon, whose objective is to work for the African Renaissance, Endogenous Development, International Cooperation and Sustainable Peace. Founded in 1986 by its promoter the Prince and Professor Kum'a Ndumbe III.

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